HALO

HALO-South

The interplay of Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation above the Southern Ocean

Mission status: Scheduled.

Persons in Charge

Mission-PI

  • Mira Pöhlker (Tropos)

Mission coordinator​

  • tba

Contact point at DLR-FX for this mission:

Address

HALO Deployment Base

Time Period

June – October 2025

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Project description

The Southern Ocean is one of the cloudiest region on earth with a high cloud radiative effect, with a high bias in atmospheric models. However, observations have shown that clouds over the Souther Ocean amplify the warming in this region.

It is also one of the view regions on earth with frequent pristine aerosol conditions where the effect of aerosols on clouds is biggest. The source of Cloud Condensation Nuclei in pristine oceanic regions is expected to be coupled to clouds and appears in the upper troposphere. The HALO-South mission is planned to take place in the Southern Ocean region mainly south-west and south of Wellington, New Zeeland, from August to September 2025. This will be at the end of the winter and the onset of the spring in the Souther Ocean. The HALO aircraft is equipped with a unique set of instrumentation to investigate aerosol and cloud cycles and its effect on radiative properties of the clouds. The campaign will be embedded in parallel intensive field activities including measurements on the research vessel Sonne and ground-based measurements from New Zeeland and will be supported by satellite investigations. HALO-South will provide pressing knowledge about the relation between aerosols and clouds in the southern hemisphere from cloud droplet and ice nucleation to the production of cloud and ice active particles partly triggered by increased radiation above clouds and cloud optical properties. These findings will be extrapolated to a larger scale using satellite data and global climate models. The campaign will greatly build on and continue past HALO campaigns with focus on either cloud and aerosol or gas and aerosol properties (CIRRUS-HL, ACRIDICON, CAFE-Pacific, CAFE-EU, CAFE-Brazil, CAFE-Pacific and will also overlap with EMeRGe-EU and EMeRGe-Asia). This campaign will cover the full cycle to investigate of aerosols throe clouds and the full cycle of clouds with a special focus on mix phase clouds, because this is where we expect that the important microphysical processes are happen influencing aerosols and radiation.

Partners

    • tba

Scientific instruments and payload configuration

  • List of scientific instruments for the mission:

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Cabin and exterior configuration of HALO for the mission

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HALO flights for this mission

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More information

No additional information available at this time.

Press releases, media etc

No press releases available yet.